Jaume Ventura ; Hans-Joachim Voth publicaron Debt into Growth: How Sovereign Debt Accelerated the First Industrial Revolution. En el resumen destacan "Why did the country that borrowed the most industrialize ﬁrst? Earlier research has viewed the explosion of debt in 18th century Britain as either detrimental, or as neutral for economic growth. In this paper, we argue instead that Britain’s borrowing boom was beneﬁcial. The massive issuance of liquidly traded bonds allowed the nobility to switch out of low-return investments such as agricultural improvements. This switch lowered factor demand by old sectors and increased proﬁts in new, rising ones such as textiles and iron. Because external ﬁnancing contributed little to the Industrial Revolution, this boost in proﬁts in new industries accelerated structural change, making Britain more industrial more quickly. The absence of an effective transfer of ﬁnancial resources from old to new sectors also helps to explain why the Industrial Revolution led to massive social change – because the rich nobility did not lend to or invest in the revolutionizing industries, it failed to capture the high returns to capital in these sectors, leading to relative economic decline"
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